Every government institution (departments/ministries) has to form a Central Amdal Commission (Komisi Pusat Amdal - KPA). The Department of Mines and Energy has formed its KPA. Members of the commission consist of permanent members and non-permanent members which represent relevant departments/ministries or non-departmental. Permanent members of the KPA Department of Mines and Energy consist of representatives from: the Department of Home Affairs, National Board of Land Affairs, Investment Co-ordinating Board, Environmental Impact Management Agency (Bapedal), Office of the State Minister of Environment, experts on environment (including university members), Directorates General and Government Enterprises within the Department of Mines and Energy. Non-permanents members consist of representatives from: government institutions related to the proposed project activities, provincial Amdal commission and local non-governmental organisation where the project is located. The duties of the KPA are to: prepare Amdal (ANDAL, RPL, RKL, UPL and UKL) guidelines, review and evaluate Amdal documents submitted by proponents, assist in preparing the approval of Amdal documents by the Ministers. The Central Amdal Commission is assisted by a technical team. The Amdal review has strict time limitations. Terms of reference (TOR) must be reviewed within 12 days. The proponent is entitled to an automatic approval if the government fails to do so. The ANDAL, RPL, RKL (EIA) shall be reviewed within 45 days. If the government exceeds that limit, the proponent is once again entitled to an automatic approval.
It looks like members of the KPA have a very limited time to properly review the Amdal documents but in fact, the KPA’s members are always able to finish reviewing the Amdal documents within 30 days. The subsequent revision of the Amdal is done by consultants and sometimes takes between one and six months.
Review of UPL/UKL documents is done by the Directorates General. To date, 147 UPL/UKL have been reviewed. From 1987 to 1997, 1482 documents have been processed by the KPA. 412 documents are from electric power operations, 545 documents are from oil and gas operations and 525 documents are from mining operations.
The implementation of Amdal provisions (including UPL/UKL) are monitored and inspected by mine inspectors (in mining and oil and gas operations). Mine inspectors have the authority to remind or warn the company or close a part or the whole project for serious non-compliance. In the electricity activities, monitoring and inspection performed by "electricity project inspectors".